(PhysOrg.com) — We use lasers everyday, though many of us may not think about it. “Lasers are in a number of consumer products,” Lynford Goddard tells PhysOrg.com. “We have them in DVD players, printers, and in other products.” More information: Amir Arbabi, Young Mo Kang, Ching-Ying Lu, Edmond Chow, and Lynford L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Applied Physics Letters (2011). Available online: link.aip.org/link/doi/10.1063/1.3633111 Explore further New VECSEL could mean a step forward for spectroscopy This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Right now, many consumer products make use of linear Bragg reflectors for laser mirrors. However, as a desire for ever-smaller and more complex devices pervades society, some of these conventional lasers are too big to densely pack in a photonic integrated circuit. “Our goal originally was just to make a smaller device. We took the conventional linear Bragg reflector and rolled it on itself to save space,” Professor Goddard explains. He worked with Amir Arbabi, Young Mo Kang, Ching-Ying Lu and Edmond Chow at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to create a design integrating a distributed Bragg reflector inside a microring resonator.“What we found,” Goddard continues, “was that our geometry solved other problems associated with the linear distributed Bragg reflector. Not only did we make a smaller device, but we were also able to engineer a more ideal spectral response. It was narrower and free of side mode ripple.” The results of the team’s work can be found in Applied Physics Letters: “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror.”“Bragg reflectors are found in telecommunication systems, sensors, diagnostic equipment – including medical equipment, as well as in consumer products,” Goddard says. “One of the issues, though, is that you can get ‘mode partition noise’ because there are several different wavelengths competing for power due to side mode ripple. Our design is such that only a single wavelength is strong. The other wavelengths are there, but they are greatly suppressed. This reduces noise, and allows for better spectroscopy, and would also be ideal in telecommunications applications.”Microring resonators aren’t new. “This is a well-known device,” Goddard says. “However, we added the Bragg reflector, patterning it along a specific fraction of the circumference of the ring. This is what allows it to be reflective at exactly one resonance and not others.”Goddard and his colleagues created the reflective microring structure using common materials. “We used materials already common in the semiconductor industry,” he explains. “The real novelty is in terms of device design.” Using materials that are already common and accessible also increases the chance that this new version of reflector could be put into wider use sooner than a device that requires the development of new materials.Graduate student and lead author Amir Arbabi describes the long process involved in realizing this novel device: “We quickly developed an intitial device model, and then spent over two years refining it, developing new simulation methods, writing proposals to support the research, perfecting the fabrication process, and building the testing station.” He is also quick to point out that the work received the support of a NSF grant.“Even though our original goal was to simply create a way to shrink laser devices, there are a number of uses for this design,” Goddard insists. The improved performance, along with the smaller size, is a real advantage. “This device will also be useful in metrology, medicine and telecommunications as well as in consumer products.” Citation: Improving lasers with microring mirrors (2011, September 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-lasers-microring-mirrors.html Copyright 2011 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.
© 2011 PhysOrg.com New research suggests North American continent is a slow eroder To try to find out what has been going on with the Earth’s crust as far back in time as possible, the team took sediment samples from North and South America, Eurasia and Australia. They focused their studies on oxygen isotopes found in zircon in those samples reasoning that newer crust material would more closely resemble material found in the mantle, as external factors on the surface of the planet would impact those that have been exposed to the sun, erosion and other biologic entities.Because the ratio of oxygen-18 to oxygen-16 found in the crust is generally a narrow range and the oxygen-18 to oxygen-16 ratio on the surface is more broad, researchers can compare materials on the surface against those in the mantel to gauge how long those in the crust have been there, which in turn allows them to determine whether material in the crust is new, or has simply been recycled from below. By taking very precise measurements, the team was able to create an accurate time line of how material on the surface was formed.Specifically, they found that during the first billion and a half years of Earth’s existence, the rate of new crust formation was quite high (presumably due to meteorite collisions), at about 3 cubic kilometers annually which resulted in the creation of roughly sixty five percent of its current composition. About three billion years ago, however, smaller amounts of new material were created and more of the crust was simply recycled with material from the mantle.As a result of this change, the tectonic plates we see today began forming, growing ever more solid as the years passed, leading to the shifting that causes changes to the shape and location of the continents.The team next plans to explore the tectonic changes that occurred prior to three billion years ago, but acknowledge it will be difficult due to the dearth of rocks older than that lying on or near the planet’s surface. More information: A Change in the Geodynamics of Continental Growth 3 Billion Years Ago, Science 16 March 2012: Vol. 335 no. 6074 pp. 1334-1336. DOI:10.1126/science.1216066ABSTRACTModels for the growth of continental crust rely on knowing the balance between the generation of new crust and the reworking of old crust throughout Earth’s history. The oxygen isotopic composition of zircons, for which uranium-lead and hafnium isotopic data provide age constraints, is a key archive of crustal reworking. We identified systematic variations in hafnium and oxygen isotopes in zircons of different ages that reveal the relative proportions of reworked crust and of new crust through time. Growth of continental crust appears to have been a continuous process, albeit at variable rates. A marked decrease in the rate of crustal growth at ~3 billion years ago may be linked to the onset of subduction-driven plate tectonics. Citation: Study of isotopes shows recycling of Earth’s crust began 3 billion years ago (2012, March 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-03-isotopes-recycling-earths-crust-began.html Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — New research by a team of British Earth scientists shows that while the Earth’s crust was made up of new material for much of its early life, it later began to recycle material three billion years ago, leading to the development of the continents we know today. The research team came to this conclusion, as they report in their paper published in Science, after studying oxygen isotopes in zircon samples taken from several different points across the globe.
Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. DNA constructs antenna for solar energy © 2013 Phys.org DNA scaffolding has in recent years been developed to allow for orienting single molecules in useful ways. One of those has resulted in the creation of what is known as DNA origami—where DNA strands are folded in certain ways to create three dimensional nano-sized objects. In this new effort, the team used the technique to place two gold particles astride a protein pillar creating a hotspot that brightens fluorescent signals in zeptoliter volumes. The result is a tall pillar held erect on a flat surface using DNA strands that can be used to hold single molecules.The flat surface was made of a biotin-binding protein. The pillar (also made of a protein) is 220 nm long and 15 nm in diameter. It was held in place by strands of DNA. Two gold nanoparticles (80 to 100nm diameter) were suspended (again by DNA strands) on each side of the pillar (23 nm apart) and were used as an antenna to focus light on a hotspot between them. A fluorescent dye was placed into that hotspot and was used as an optically active source—its purpose was to report the degree of fluorescent enhancement—which was the purpose of the antenna.The antenna the team built demonstrates one way that DNA origami is being used to build a scaffold for holding molecules in three-dimensional space. The hope is that it will lead to what is known as atomically precise manufacturing—where nano-sized components could be manufactured in bulk. An antenna such as the one built in this new effort, allows for focusing light to a very small volume allowing for investigating molecules in a way that is up to 100 times more precise than conventional lenses. What’s most interesting about the antenna, of course, is that it’s held together by DNA strands that have been “programmed” to spontaneously wrap themselves around the antenna in just the right way to hold everything in place.The researchers next plan to conduct experiments to see if DNA origami structures can also be used to allow for more precise control of chemical reactions. Journal information: Science A team of researchers working at Germany’s Technische Universität Braunschweig has succeeded in using a previously known DNA origami construction technique to build a nanoantenna with a docking site. First published in the journal Science, the paper written by the team has now been made publicly available for open access. More information: Science 338, 506 (2012); DOI: 10.1126/science.1228638 Citation: Researchers use DNA origami technique to build nanoantennas with docking sites (2013, July 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-07-dna-origami-technique-nanoantennas-docking.html
Illustration of the encapsulated graphene heterostructure with molybdenum rhenium contacts. Credit: (c) Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aad6203 Citation: New type of Andreev process predicted whereby electron and hole states on opposite sample edges carry supercurrent (2016, May 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-05-andreev-electron-hole-states-sample.html © 2016 Phys.org Explore further Electron partitioning process in graphene observed, a world first This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. As Mason notes, the general means for causing current to move between two superconductor materials involves placing a barrier between them and then causing the Cooper pairs to be ferried across via electrons and holes—notably, in situations where the superconductors are connected to a quantum Hall state, only one-way paths along the junction can be traversed. But, the researchers wondered, what might happen if a very strong magnetic field were introduced into the junction, causing the charge carriers to move along only on the edges of the barrier? To find out, they assembled a mechanism that involved two superconducting materials separated by encapsulated graphene samples, and then created magnetic fields as high as two tesla. In such a setup, an entirely new type of Andreev process was predicted to occur in which electrons and hole states that existed on sample edges opposite one another would carry the supercurrent—this was predicted 20 years ago. Prior efforts to create a device capable of verifying the prediction have been hampered, Mason, notes, by the problem of creating an environment where superconducting and quantum Hall states might coexist. In this new effort, graphene samples allowed the team to take a first step toward proving the theory and confirming the new physics that occurs when two correlated states are connected—the work also suggests that a host of hybrid systems could be on the horizon, opening the door to a wide variety of quantum transport behavior which, as Mason also notes, could lead to a range of unique excitations and possibly yet-to-be-imagined devices. Journal information: Science (Phys.org)—A team of researchers affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and Japan has predicted a new type of process whereby electron and hole states on opposite sample edges can carry supercurrent. In their paper, published in the journal Science, the team describes their technique, which involved using encapsulated graphene samples. Nadya Mason with University of Illinois offers a closer look at the work done by the team in a perspective published in the same journal issue. More information: F. Amet et al. Supercurrent in the quantum Hall regime, Science (2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aad6203AbstractA promising route for creating topological states and excitations is to combine superconductivity and the quantum Hall (QH) effect. Despite this potential, signatures of superconductivity in the QH regime remain scarce, and a superconducting current through a QH weak link has been challenging to observe. We demonstrate the existence of a distinct supercurrent mechanism in encapsulated graphene samples contacted by superconducting electrodes, in magnetic fields as high as 2 tesla. The observation of a supercurrent in the QH regime marks an important step in the quest for exotic topological excitations, such as Majorana fermions and parafermions, which may find applications in fault-tolerant quantum computing.
Scope of the iron(III)-catalysed carbonyl–olefin metathesis reaction. Credit: (c) 2016 Jacob R. Ludwig, Paul M. Zimmerman, Joseph B. Gianino & Corinna S. Schindler, Nature 533, 374–379 (19 May 2016) doi:10.1038/nature17432 More information: Jacob R. Ludwig et al. Iron(III)-catalysed carbonyl–olefin metathesis, Nature (2016). DOI: 10.1038/nature17432AbstractThe olefin metathesis reaction of two unsaturated substrates is one of the most powerful carbon–carbon-bond-forming reactions in organic chemistry. Specifically, the catalytic olefin metathesis reaction has led to profound developments in the synthesis of molecules relevant to the petroleum, materials, agricultural and pharmaceutical industries1. These reactions are characterized by their use of discrete metal alkylidene catalysts that operate via a well-established mechanism2. While the corresponding carbonyl–olefin metathesis reaction can also be used to construct carbon–carbon bonds, currently available methods are scarce and severely hampered by either harsh reaction conditions or the required use of stoichiometric transition metals as reagents. To date, no general protocol for catalytic carbonyl–olefin metathesis has been reported. Here we demonstrate a catalytic carbonyl–olefin ring-closing metathesis reaction that uses iron, an Earth-abundant and environmentally benign transition metal, as a catalyst. This transformation accommodates a variety of substrates and is distinguished by its operational simplicity, mild reaction conditions, high functional-group tolerance, and amenability to gram-scale synthesis. We anticipate that these characteristics, coupled with the efficiency of this reaction, will allow for further advances in areas that have historically been enhanced by olefin metathesis. (Phys.org)—Olefin metathesis reactions where two allyls switch substituent groups, has proved to be a useful carbon-carbon bond forming reaction for drug discovery and other industrial processes. The carbonyl-olefin metathesis reaction was discovered around the same time as the olefin metathesis reaction, but has had limited applicability due to harsh reaction conditions and stringent reactant requirements. Until now, there have been no examples of catalysts for this reaction that are generalizable. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further In a report in Nature, Jacob R. Ludwig, Paul M. Zimmerman, Joseph B. Gianino & Corinna S. Schindler of the University of Michigan have successfully found a Lewis acid catalyst that successfully exacts a carbonyl-olefin ring-closing metathesis reaction for the direct synthesis of functionalized carbocycles. Furthermore, the catalyst uses iron, which is abundant and environmentally safe, and works under mild conditions for a variety of functional groups and at gram-level scales.The olefin reaction mechanism involves a metal-catalyzed [2+2] cycloaddition of two allyls to form a four-member cyclic intermediate in which the metal is one of the members of the four-member ring. This is followed by a [2+2] cycloreversion resulting in products that have exchanged substituents. Carbonyl olefin metathesis reactions operate similarly. There are three carbonyl olefin metathesis reactions have been observed, but each has its limitations. One involves a two-step photochemical cycloaddition followed by a thermolysis cycloreversion. Another involves a stoichiometric amount of transition-metal catalyst. Another reaction involves an organocatalyst that requires a cyclopropene reactant. All of these are limited in scope and, in the case of the photochemical reaction, require prohibitively harsh conditions. The reaction involving a stoichiometric amount of transition-metal catalyst is the most versatile, but it produces a metal-oxo complex that consumes the catalyst.Ludwing, et al. wanted to look for ways to form an in situ oxetane intermediate, a four-member cyclic intermediate with the oxygen as one of the atoms instead of a metal. This would avoid the formation of products that consume the catalyst. In general, they needed a catalyst that promotes [2+2] cycloaddition and [2+2] cyclorevrsion, does not promote side reactions such as polymerization or reforming reactants, and is chemoselective. They decided to investigate metal-derived Lewis acids.To test various Lewis acid catalysts, they reacted a β-ketoester with a pendant isoprenyl group with MClx Lewis acids. They tested AlCl3, TiCl4, SnCl4, FeCl2, ZnCl2, SnCl2, and FeCl3. They found that FeCl3 formed the desired products and that optimal reaction conditions were 5 mol% FeCl3 in dicholorethane at room temperature for one-to-twelve hours. Once a catalyst was determined and reaction conditions were optimized, the next step was to test the generalizability of the reaction. Ludwig, et al. looked at various arene groups. Their reaction conditions worked with electron withdrawing and donating groups producing products in good yield. They then changed the β-substitution on the β-ketoesters and found the reaction worked with a variety of substituents. They also looked at the effects of incorporating a heteroatom, changing structural motifs, and changing the pendant isoprenyl group. Overall, the FeCl3 catalyst showed remarkable versatility in the variety of reactions that were successfully completed.These reactions provided insight into the carbonyl-olefin reaction mechanism. The reaction either proceeds via a carbocation intermediate or in a concerted fashion that involves metal coordination to FeCl3. Subsequent studies using a mechanistic probe to trap the product that would be formed from a carbocation intermediate showed no results, thus demonstrating that a concerted and metal coordinated mechanism is likely. Computational studies indicate that the reaction mechanism is likely a concerted carbon-oxygen bond breakage and carbon-carbon bond formation mechanism that occurs asynchronously.Carbonyl-olefin metathesis reactions had been limited in scope, but this study demonstrates a catalyst and optimal reaction conditions that are generalizable for a variety of reactants opening the door for the synthesis of complex compounds. The reaction is practically useful as iron is an earth-abundant metal and is environmentally safe, and the reactions are scalable. Journal information: Nature © 2016 Phys.org A new Diels-Alder reaction Citation: Safe and generalizable catalyst for carbonyl-olefin metathesis reaction (2016, June 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-06-safe-generalizable-catalyst-carbonyl-olefin-metathesis.html
Explore further © 2018 Phys.org Histology of the dorsal rib of ‘Proneusticosaurus’ silesiacus holotype, MG UWr. 4438s. (a,b) The dorsal region of the rib composed of avascular lamellar-zonal bone with well-pronounced zonation, and the medullar area in transmitted light (a) and polarized light with λ compensation (b). Arrows show LAGs. (c) Anterior region of the rib in polarized light exhibiting the vascularization, and rate of bone deposition gradually increasing towards the ventral (visceral) region. Note the wavy organization of the tissue. (d,e) Ventro-posterior region of the rib in polarized light without (d) and with (e) λ compensation showing the vasculature increasing even more and attaining radial organization towards the ventrum. (f,g) Ventral region of the rib in transmitted (f) and polarized light with λ compensation (g), presenting the radial vasculature and the bleb. Indicated is the LAG separating the pathological outer zone of the bone (dotted line) and the area shown in panel (h). (h) Close-up of the bleb in transmitted light. Scale bars for panels (a–g) equal 0.5 mm, for panel (h) equals 0.1 mm. In all panels ventral (visceral) towards the right-hand side. Credit: Royal Society Open Science (2018). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180225 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Jaw bone on British beach belonged to huge ancient reptile Citation: Evidence of TB-like infection found in 245-million-year-old marine reptile (2018, June 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-evidence-tb-million-year-old-marine-reptile.html Journal information: Royal Society Open Science A team of researchers from Poland and the U.S. has found possible evidence of tuberculosis in a 245-million-year-old marine reptile. In their paper published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, the group describes their study of the fossilized remains of a Proneusticosaurus silesiacus specimen and why they believe the creature had a TB-like disease. More information: Dawid Surmik et al. Tuberculosis-like respiratory infection in 245-million-year-old marine reptile suggested by bone pathologies, Royal Society Open Science (2018). DOI: 10.1098/rsos.180225AbstractAn absence of ancient archaeological and palaeontological evidence of pneumonia contrasts with its recognition in the more recent archaeological record. We document an apparent infection-mediated periosteal reaction affecting the dorsal ribs in a Middle Triassic eosauropterygian historically referred to as ‘Proneusticosaurus’ silesiacus. High-resolution X-ray microtomography and histological studies of the pathologically altered ribs revealed the presence of a continuous solid periosteal reaction with multiple superficial blebs (protrusions) on the visceral surfaces of several ribs. Increased vascularization and uneven lines of arrested growth document that the pathology was the result of a multi-seasonal disease. While visceral surface localization of this periosteal reaction represents the earliest identified evidence for pneumonia, the blebs may have an additional implication: they have only been previously recognized in humans with tuberculosis (TB). Along with this diagnosis is the presence of focal vertebral erosions, parsimoniously compared to vertebral manifestation of TB in humans. TB is an infection caused by the virus Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It mainly infects the lungs, but can on occasion infect other body parts such as the spine, brain or kidneys. It is also known for causing anomalies to appear on the ribs of people with infected lungs. Such anomalies generally take the form of blebs, or small bumpy protrusions.The researchers were studying a specimen uncovered at the Gogolin quarry, a dig site on the border between Poland and the Czech Republic, over a century ago. Prior research had shown it to be a member of the sauropterygian family—they were aquatic reptiles that lived during the Mesozoic. The specimen under study had a long neck, flat skull and long, rounded teeth. But it was the creature’s rib bones that caught the attention of the researchers—they had blebs very similar to those seen in modern creatures infected with TB.Intrigued by their find, the researchers immediately began searching for all possible causes of the bumps, such as fractures, scurvy, fungal infections or even cancer. But one by one, each was ruled out, leaving TB as the likely cause. In their paper, the researchers also suggest the bumps may have been caused by pneumonia, which, they note, can be caused by TB. They note also that Proneusticosaurus have been referred to as the seal of ancient times, and coincidentally or not, modern seals are the marine animals that are most susceptible to TB infections.The finding pushes back the date of the first evidence of TB by quite a long stretch—prior to this discovery, the record holder was a marsupial from 3 million years ago. The researchers acknowledge that they have no way to verify their findings, but suggest the rib bumps offer reasonably strong evidence of TB.
Kolkata: The decomposed body of a three-year-old girl was recovered from inside a manhole at Shyamlal Street on Friday night. Locals said that the child was missing since Wednesday and according to the primary autopsy report, the child was strangulated to death.Local sources informed that the child used to live with her family members on the pavement opposite to Shyamlal Street in front of Deshbandhu Park. On Wednesday night, her family members all of a sudden noticed that she was missing. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifePrimarily, they tried to search the area, but failed to locate her. Later, with the help of other locals, a search was conducted but in vain.On Thursday, the child’s father lodged a complaint with Ultadanga police station. After commencing the probe to locate the missing child, police could not gather any clues that might have led them to her. On Friday night, a few locals saw a manhole inside a compound of a four-storeyed building was partly open. When some of them peeped in and looked into the manhole, they saw the girl. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedImmediately, the owner of the building was informed. At around 11:10 pm, the police recovered the decomposed body of the missing child. After getting the primary autopsy report, investigators are now trying to understand if there was any enmity with the girl’s family members. Also, the police have tracked a few CCTV cameras on the main road just outside Shyamlal Street and inside a nearby school compound. Sources informed that the footage from the CCTV cameras installed has been viewed but nothing suspicious could be traced. The investigators are yet to look into the footage of the CCTV camera inside the nearby school campus. It is also not clear whether the girl has been sexually harassed or not.
The BJP on Monday gloated over Congress’ embarrassment following publication of articles critical of Jawaharlal Nehru and Sonia Gandhi in its mouthpiece, saying the “truth” it had been “hiding” has come out. Rubbing salt in the wound of ex-Congress MP Sanjay Nirupam, who is the editor of the journal, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar “congratulated” him and quipped he was known for such write-ups when he was the editor of the Hindi edition Shiv Sena mouthpiece ‘Dopahar Ka Saamana’. Nirupam, who was in Sena before he joined Congress, is also the president of Mumbai Regional Congress Committee, which publishes the magazine ‘Congress Darshan’. Though initially Nirupam sought to wash his hands off the controversy by claiming he had nothing to do with the articles, he later admitted the “mistake” and sacked the editorial content in-charge. Also Read – Punjab on alert after release of excess water from Bhakra dam“The Congress journal which is named Congress Darshan should be called ‘Satyarth Darshan’ (sight of truth). It is significant that it has come on the 131st foundation day of the party. Sardar Patel had maximum support in Congress to become the prime minister but Gandhiji proposed Nehru and kept Patel at a bay. “Patel merged 562 provinces into India and Nehru was in charge of only Kashmir and it remains a problem. Patel had warned about China’s betrayal on Tibet… This is not BJP or Javadekar saying so but the mouthpiece of Congress. What Congress had been hiding has come out. I congratulate Nirupam,” Javadekar said.
Kolkata: A husband was lynched to death after he protested against some local youths who had allegedly assaulted his wife.The incident took place at Arsa village in Purulia on Saturday evening. The victim, Dharani Singh Sardar went to a village fair with his wife and younger sister on Saturday afternoon. They were returning home on his motorcycle when some miscreants stopped their way. Some of the accused touched his wife inappropriately and abused her. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSardar protested against the incident but the accused threatened him of dire consequences if he raised an alarm. The victim later tried to prevent them from assaulting his wife. A scuffle broke out between Sardar and the accused youths. The victim’s wife and sister told police that the miscreants beat up Sardar indiscriminately. He fell on the ground after receiving several punches on his chest. After hearing the screams of the two women, some of the locals reached there. The miscreants managed to flee the spot before locals arrived. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe locals rushed the victim to a nearby hospital where Sardar was declared brought dead by the doctors. The family members of the victim alleged that the local police station initially refused to lodge a complaint from them. They also alleged that the local police station also cooked up a story to establish that it was a road accident. The family members of the victim also alleged that there were several injury marks on the body of the victim. The motorcycle that the deceased was riding on had gone missing since the incident occurred. It is yet to be confirmed if the victim had any past rivalry with the accused who are at large since the incident took place on Saturday evening.
Heat, humidity and rain come together to create havoc for hair, skin and make-up during the monsoon. It can get difficult to keep up with a beauty regimen, but taking care of a few basic things like never leaving the skin wet for long or keeping it moist can be helpful, say experts.TIGI Educator Audrey D’ Souza, Sushma Khan, National Creative Director – Makeup, Lakmé Salon and Disha Meher, National Expert – Skin and Nails, Lakmé Salon, share tips on how you can keep hair frizz, make-up mess and skin breakouts at bay, especially when the monsoon gets going! Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* Skin tips by Disha Meher:Rainy rituals:* During the day, cleansing, toning, moisturising and applying sunscreen should be your facial ritual. Remember to reapply moisturiser and sunscreen if the skin is exposed to rain.* During the night, stick to cleansing, toning and applying a good night cream.No-nos for the monsoon:* Never leave the skin wet for a long time. Fungal infections are very common. Always keep your feet and toes dry to avoid infections. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Do not wear synthetic clothes and allow your skin to breathe.* Avoid cold water for bathing. Lukewarm water is best for the skin during monsoon.* Just dab and dry the face and avoid rubbing it with a towel.Absolute monsoon musts:* Keep the skin moist by using soap-free cleansers and scrubs. Go for clean-ups which help in unclogging pores and reducing dead skin and dryness.* Use an alcohol-free toner to prevent dryness of the skin.* Moisturising is key. Make sure to select a moisturiser as per your skin type. * Sunscreen lotion must be used even if the sun is not visible.* Go for regular manicures and pedicures to keep your feet clean.* Keep your skin smooth and clean by opting for waxing services regularly. Chocolate and Fruit waxes are good options for sensitive skin.-*-Monsoon make-up hacks by Sushma Khan* To build a smear-proof base skip the foundation and start with a concealer. Choose a waterproof, matte product followed by a compact powder. When you apply the combination of setting powder and primer on your skin, it dissolves giving you light and flawless coverage. * The best bet for your lips are matte tints. Instead of choosing gloss, head straight to ultra-matte and dry-finish lip liquids.* When it comes to liners, ensure to hydrate your lids before application. For a flawless matte finish, use a felt-pen liner because it dries quickly and stays put throughout the day. Experiment and use coloured liners like olives, pinks and blues to add a ‘pop’ to your look. Opt for a waterproof and volumising mascara for your lashes.* Contrary to using creamy formulations for the lips, eyes or the face — using it for your cheeks is perfect. Cream-based cheek tints glide on the skin, giving your cheeks a natural flush.* Seal your look with a make-up setting spray. It features a patented Temperature Control Technology that lowers the temperature of the make-up, keeping it in place.-*-TIGI Educator Audrey D’ Souza’s monsoon mane hacks:* Don’t wash your hair too often: You might feel the need to shampoo often to rid yourself of the dirt and rainwater, but that also means stripping your hair of its natural oils (sebum), leaving it dry and limp.* Mask it: Deep conditioning helps smoothen out your hair and provides heavy nourishment. Be sure to leave on your mask for at least ten minutes. Intense formulaes in masks help coat the strands with strong conditioning and shine.* Stay away from heat: Stick with air drying, finger drying or use a blow dryer on low or medium heat on damp hair to control the frizz for better finish.* Dodge friction: Your hair is prone to damage in the rains, so be as gentle as possible. No vigorous towel drying and squeezing harsh brushing.
Kolkata: The nurse, who was found dead at the hostel of a private hospital at Narayanpur on Friday night, had allegedly refused to go to the market with her roommates sometime before her death.It was suspected that she had injected some ‘unknown drug’ into her veins but till Monday the report could not be ascertained. On Sunday, the doctor, who conducted the autopsy, said traces of an unknown drug were found in her body. The nurse identified as Saneeshamol (23) used stay with four other nurses in a room of the nurses hostel at Narayanpur in Rajarhat. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseOne of them is on leave. The warden of the hostel claimed that her three roommates went out around 4 pm on Friday. They had asked Saneeshamol to go with them but she refused. In the evening, when they returned they saw Saneeshamol was lying on the bed wrapped in a blanket. When they tried to wake her up they found Saneeshamol was not responding. According to sources, there is no chance of outsiders entering the hostel premises as the hostel campus is guarded and CCTV cameras are installed everywhere. To find clues, sleuths are checking the call details of Saneeshamol. Also, CCTV footage of the hostel are being scrutinised. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataSleuths have also questioning the occupants of the hostel if anybody had seen anything. Her uncle arrived in Kolkata after being informed by the police. He could not think of any reason that could lead to Saneeshamol’s death. Though he did not lodge any complaint yet, police are investigating all possible angles in the case. Saneeshamol was a resident of Kerala. Officers of Baguiati police station had sent the body for an autopsy. She had joined the private hospital in June last year. A source said she was looking for a new job but could not find one.
A wide swath of the millennia-old Indian civilization came alive through a cluster of artefacts of astonishing brilliance, as the National Museum in the Capital began a nearly two-month transcontinental exhibition.Titled ‘India and The World: A History in nine stories’, the exhibition takes the viewers on an intriguing and exhilarating trip of the country’s spectacular past and its links with the outside world since antiquity. It is the first of its kind event in India which marks an unprecedented collaboration in museum exhibition with the British Museum, London; National Museum, New Delhi; Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sanghahalaya (CSMVS), Mumbai; and some 20 private collections pooling in their resources for the phenomenal show. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfChief Guest, Ram Bahadur Rai, President, IGNCA, formally inaugurated the exhibition on June 2, unveiling a unique line-up of around 200 ancient and modern exhibits which offer a chronological and thematic depiction of the evolution of India, with multiple expressions of art and artefacts, stories and aesthetics.A host of dignitaries, including British High Commissioner to India Sir Dominic Asquith; LN Sharma, Chief Post Master General, Delhi Circle, Dr Hartwig Fischer, Director, British Museum; and Sabyasachi Mukherjee, Director General, CSMVS were present at the inauguration. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”This is also a celebration of cultural exchanges and a moment to remember that our civilization has existed for millions of years and what it has given to the world in terms of culture, science, and spirituality,” the Chief Guest said.The exhibition, which is supported by the Union Culture Ministry, Tata Trusts, the Getty Foundation and the Newton Bhabha Fund, will run till June 30 from 10 am to 6 pm, except on Mondays and public holidays.The seven-week long exhibition commemorates 70 years of Indian independence and a year of major cultural exchange between India and the UK. National Museum Director-General Dr B R Mani in his welcome address said the exhibition has introduced new features in its Delhi leg, including Braille tactile feature for the visually challenged “for creating a tangible experience and a wide range of connections with the objects”.Among the iconic objects lent by the British Museum is the Greek copy of the Roman discus-thrower Discobolus (2nd AD), Olduvai handaxe, Head in the style of Alexander, a fishtail dagger, and the 2002 Throne of Weapons made from melted down machine guns and rifles used in Mozambique’s civil war.Dr Hartwig Fischer, Director, British Museum said, “‘India and the World’ represented a new approach and new model of a museum exhibition that sets one culture in a global context of shared histories and common ground.
Kolkata: Investment banker-turned-legislator Mahua Moitra, who is a Trinamool Congress candidate from West Bengal’s Krishnanagar Lok Sabha constituency, has declared movable assets worth over Rs 2.64 crore, including bank deposits in the United Kingdom. Moitra had shown more than Rs 2.5-crore movable assets in 2016, while contesting the Assembly elections from Karimpur in Nadia district. In the latest affidavit filed before the Election Commission (EC), the 44-year-old MLA has declared Rs 5,000 cash and Rs 1.43 crore in banks deposits in India, besides a bank balance of over Rs 1.30 lakh in a branch of National Westminster Bank, commonly known as NatWest, in London. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata Moitra, who has worked as a Vice President of JP Morgan in the UK, possesses a 3.2 carat diamond ring worth Rs 70 lakh, 150 grams of gold valued at Rs 5 lakh, various silver items including vase, tea and dinner set and others worth Rs 5.68 lakh, and art pieces valued at Rs 25 lakh, and a car, which she bought in 2016. After leaving her cushy job, she joined politics in September 2008, when Rahul Gandhi drafted her in the Youth Congress as a state coordinator for his “Aam Aadmi Ka Sipahi” project. Two years later, she switched to the Trinamool Congress. Moitra, a graduate in economics and mathematics from Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts, claims that she does not own any immovable property. According to her affidavit, she owes over Rs 6.71 lakh to a bank in a vehicle loan. She has also declared that there is no pending criminal case against her.
Kolkata: Amid partial disruption in health services in West Bengal due to continuing agitation by junior doctors protesting attacks on their colleagues and demanding adequate security, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Saturday accused “some political parties” of spreading disinformation on social media. In an open letter to doctors and medical fraternity, she appealed to all help in restoring normal healthcare services without any delay. “Our government is cooperating fully and taking all necessary action…some misinformation/disinformation being spread on social media by some political parties is completely untrue,” Banerjee said in the letter. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata She expressed her gratitude to senior doctors and professors who are offering full services to the people. “My humble regards to them for their cooperation,” the letter said. “Health service is always dedicated to the patients. I, therefore, appeal to all to restore normal health services to the patients without any further delay,” Banerjee said. She said the state government has taken “all necessary action whatever required – our Additional Chief Secretary, Health, visited the injured doctor and met a section of the agitating junior doctors and appealed to them to resume services”. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state Protesting against the brutal attack on two junior doctors by the family members of a dead patient in the NRS Medical College and Hospital on Monday night, doctors across the state have stopped work at the outpatient departments in most government hospitals in the state since Wednesday. Banerjee said five persons have been arrested and their bail prayers were rejected by the court and an enquiry has been started to look into issues from all sides. “Our government has taken full care of the injured doctor. We pray that he recovers quickly. As per information received, he is stable and improving,” she said. “An unfortunate incident took place in NRS Hospital 4 days ago. I sent my colleague, Chandrima Bhattacharjee, Minister-of-State, Health and Family Welfare, to visit the injured doctor and talk to a section of the junior doctors who are agitating and request them to withdraw the agitation as people are not getting treatment… I sent Commissioner of Police, Kolkata to talk to the junior doctors,” the letter said. Cancer and kidney patients, accident victims, even children coming from distant places are suffering for not getting treatment, Banerjee said.
Kolkata: Eminent Tollywood actor Prasenjit Chatterjee has been summoned by the Enforcement Directorate (ED), in connection with the Rose Valley chit fund scam case. He has been asked to appear before the investigating officers on July 19 at the ED office in Salt Lake Central Government Office (CGO) Complex.According to sources, a few days ago ED sleuths had interrogated Rose Valley chief Gautam Kundu again in judicial custody. During the questioning, they acquired information regarding Chatterjee having some connection with Kundu. The actor was also seen in several programmes of Rose Valley. ED sleuths are investigating the case to identify whether any financial transaction was made between Chatterjee and Kundu. Chatterjee will be asked about his connection with Rose valley if he appears on July 19. Chatterjee said in response to the same on Tuesday: “I will definitely cooperate with the investigation.”
Artistagram 2019, a group art exhibition curated by Jyoti Kalra, will be held at Visual Art Gallery, India Habitat Centre, from July 12 to 18, 2019. Artistagram is a folder of art wherein a variety of art work is assembled, coming from a range of artists who work on different mediums. No two artists are alike. Some show their creativity with line and dimensions while others play with hues. Participating artists include Anita Malik, Ritu Kwatra, Prasanta Khatua, Sunita Aggarwal, Smita Jain, and others.
What happens to presidential cars when they’re decommissioned? When it finally runs out of value for anyone? Oftentimes, they’re thrown into junkyards to be scrapped for parts, or better yet sold to a gearhead who’s savvy with restoration efforts. For the most part, they are cast aside and forgotten. But what about the President of the United States’ car? What happens to it when it’s decommissioned?Throughout the years, presidential vehicles have only increased in their efficiency in avoiding being destroyed by hostile threats. The traditional use of a presidential vehicle began when President Taft purchased four cars and modified the White House so that it would have a garage.Taft’s 1911 White SteamerPrevious presidents had always been transported by horse-drawn carriages. However, the vehicles weren’t special in any way, they were susceptible to bullets and explosives the same way any other car was. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s car, a convertible known as the Sunshine Special, was specifically modified after the Pearl Harbor attacks in 1942 to include bulletproof glass and armored plating. There was even a slot built for a submachine gun to be able to fit in, for the purpose of defending the president.Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Sunshine Special.A great many models were used, often depending on the preferences and personality of the president. Some presidents allowed their own personal grievances to dictate which type of car they would drive, such as Harry S. Truman.As the story goes, Truman had attempted to get a car for his campaign in 1948, but General Motors refused to provide him with one. After he won the election and was placed in office, he ordered a Ford car, breaking from the previous administrations’ use of a GM vehicle, as a means of getting back at them for their actions.One of three Pierce-Arrow cars purchased by the Wilson administration.Other presidents had very eclectic tastes, such as Lyndon Baines Johnson, who enjoyed driving a car known as an Amphicar. This car was an amphibious vehicle that could seamlessly transfer from ground to water without a problem. Johnson, while President, enjoyed playing pranks on unsuspecting passengers by acting as if his car had gone out of control and then driving straight into a lake on his ranch property. The car, of course, would then begin to float across the water like a boat, leaving Johnson’s passengers perplexed and confused at what had just occurred.Related Video:As innovation occurred throughout the years, presidential vehicles continued to evolve in sophistication as well as secrecy.George H.W. Bush 1989 Lincoln presidential limousine.With the Secret Service running the show, they worked to ensure that few people knew about the schematics and actual capabilities of the presidential car.If the wrong information was leaked, the vehicle could potentially be vulnerable and that would be a serious compromise in security.1983 Cadillac Limousine used by President Ronald Reagan.Which leads to how presidential cars used to be decommissioned. Whenever a car was “retired” and would no longer be in use, it would fall to the Secret Service to dispose of the vehicle properly. And by disposing of properly, we mean shooting at the car with high powered guns and then blowing it up.1961 Lincoln model 74A, the automobile President John F. Kennedy was riding in when he was assassinated. Photo by Alvintrusty CC Y SA 3.0This admittedly exciting task was meant for the purpose of testing to see how strong the vehicles held up against a variety of weaponry. The secondary purpose was to properly ensure that the vehicle was obliterated so that any of its secrets would also be destroyed with it. This would prevent secure information from falling into the wrong kind of hands.Read another story from us: To portray Churchill in “Darkest Hour,” Gary Oldman wore a silicon face mask and a padded suit and smoked over 400 cigars, worth $20,000Of course, not every presidential car found its demise at the hands of undoubtedly gleeful Secret Service agents with access to dynamite. Some of the more famous cars ended up in museums. John F. Kennedy’s car, the 1961 Lincoln Continental SS-100-X that he was assassinated in, is on display in the Henry Ford Museum. Roosevelt’s Sunshine Special also resides within the Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan.Andrew Pourciaux is a novelist hailing from sunny Sarasota, Florida, where he spends the majority of his time writing and podcasting.
For close to 100 years, organized crime in America has been a constant headache for authorities. But who organized it? Step forward Meyer Lansky, otherwise known as the “Mob’s Accountant.” He relied on numbers as much as weapons and became widely-acknowledged as a chief architect of the USA’s criminal networks.In the biography Meyer Lansky: Mogul of the Mob (1979, co-authored with Dennis Eisenberg and Eli Landau) Uri Dan writes, “We realized that this was more than the life story of Meyer Lansky; it was also the story of organized crime in America, and particularly the story of the Jewish presence in both the mafia and the underworld.”Meyer LanskyLansky was born Meier Suchowlański in 1902, in the city of Grodno. This eventually became part of Belarus, but back then it was Russian territory. The specter of anti-Semitism drove his family to the States nine years later.As a boy Lansky faced not only the upheaval of a new culture, albeit the melting pot of New York’s Lower East Side, but also a dangerous new world. The poisonous atmosphere of Grodno gave way to the intensity of the Big Apple.Russian-born American businessman, accountant, and gangster Meyer Lansky (1902 – 1983) and an unidentified woman leave the cashier’s office of the Riviera Hotel and Casino with $200,000, Las Vegas, Nevada, February 1958. (Photo by Francis Miller/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)At first, it seemed his life might take a different path. Biography.com says that “Lansky had a hardscrabble life, facing horrible violence as a child, yet he was also renowned for his prodigious mathematical abilities and self-assured demeanor. He left school after graduating from the eighth grade and took on tool and die work, later becoming an auto mechanic.”However there were the young Lansky’s pals to consider, namely Benjamin Siegel (also known as “Bugsy”) and Charles “Lucky” Luciano. All three were set to become legends of the underworld, with Lansky the perhaps-unlikely lynchpin of their operations.Mugshot of mobster Lucky Luciano in 1936Lucky’s first encounters with Lansky were like a miniature version of the business they went on to be part of. The website All That’s Interesting mentions that, “Luciano ran a small Sicilian gang that extorted money from Jewish kids. Luciano was impressed with Lansky’s defiance against his threats.”The repressive measures of Prohibition were arguably a gift to Lansky, Luciano and Siegel. With the population craving booze from 1920 onward, the network thrived.Lansky’s talent for calculation meant he could always move with the times, moving his ill-gotten gains with him. Prohibition may have been over, but he saw the future in another enterprise… gambling.Mugshot of Jewish-American mobster Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel in the 1920s.The arid desert of Nevada was about to twinkle with the neon of Las Vegas. But Lansky was more interested in mental arithmetic than muscle.He built a gambling empire based on two key principles. The first, which was very unusual for the time, was that Lansky insisted on honest gaming. His brilliant mathematical skills meant that he could effectively calculate the odds of most games of chance. The second principle was that he did not, again unusual for the time, use violence. Instead, he made use of mob protection and bribes against law enforcement who were only too willing to get a piece of the action.Meyer Lansky at 54 St. police station, New York City, being booked for vagrancyThat wasn’t to say he didn’t have a foundation in violence. The infamous group Murder Inc. was formed by Lansky and was made up of Italian and Jewish enforcers who let bullets do the talking.Despite being pursued by the Feds, he was also approached by them in particular circumstances. Biography.com mentions that, “During World War II, America’s Office of Strategic Services worked with Lansky to curtail saboteur activities at New York docks.”‘Operation Underworld’ allowed gangsters to do their bit for the war effort, weeding out and smashing Nazis. Ominously enough, basically no one except those involved in the FBI measures knew what happened to the individuals revealed in those tips.Meyer Lansky being led by detective for booking on vagrancy charge at 54th Street police station, New York City…Lansky’s influence spread across the world. He had a cosy arrangement with Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, whereby he ran the show when it came to gambling in Havana. Communism and the rise of Fidel Castro put pay to that wing of the business.The man described as “physically small, well-composed and incredibly clever” only spent two months behind bars for illegal gambling. Yet even he couldn’t keep investigators away forever.His entry on the FBI website states “In 1972, he was indicted on charges that he and others had skimmed millions of dollars from a Vegas casino that they owned.”Suspicion about Mafia sabotage in the fire and sinking of the Normandie (renamed the Lafayette for war service), led to Operation UnderworldAt that point Lansky attempted to become a citizen of Israel. Under the “Law of the Return” he believed his Jewish roots would enable him to retire there and be protected.Uri Dan gained Lanksy’s confidence, writing “We had to be told what he considered the truth. We had to understand his point of view. In his eyes we Israelis had been molded by blood, violence, and a struggle for survival and power in the sands of the Middle East. Meyer perceived his background on New York’s Lower East Side as similar, though in a different setting.”Meyer LanskyThis particular gamble didn’t pay off due to his criminal record, though there was a double-edged sword waiting for Lansky. He was sick, and couldn’t stand trial as a result. However it was lung cancer that pursued him now.He passed away in 1983, his legacy immortalized on the screen. Richard Dreyfuss played Lansky in a self-titled TV movie written by David Mamet.In 1991, Sir Ben Kingsley tackled the role in Bugsy, alongside title villain Warren Beatty. Lansky also featured prominently in the hit HBO show Boardwalk Empire.And as recently as this year, the John Travolta picture Speed Kills featured Lansky as part of a fictionalized speedboat-based thriller. James Remar played the notorious number cruncher.Read another story from us: The 7 Most Notorious Female GangstersMeyer Lansky’s tale showed it took brains as well as brawn to truly succeed in the underworld. Admired and despised in equal measure, he was a singular figure whose mark on the world is still visible today.
The last time a certain set of fishing baskets was used was most likely the 14th century: a time of plague, of war with France, of Chaucer and Plantagenet kings. Next stop: the year 2018.Fishing baskets buried for hundreds of years under silt and clay have been found by two brothers walking off the Monmouthshire coast, reported the BBC.The items, which could date back to the 14th century, were uncovered on the Severn Estuary during recent storms that washed away the layers of mud, sand and silt.Image © BLACK ROCK LAVE NET HERITAGE FISHERYMartin and Richard Morgan, who found the four baskets, said the level of detail was incredible.“It’s amazing to think the last person to see them was possibly in the 14th century,” said Martin.It is now the close season for the Black Rock Lave Net Fishery, but the fishermen kept an eye on the fishing grounds. They said in an interview that they often find many things of interest, ranging from prehistoric animal bones to wooden shipwrecks.Black Rock Lave Net Heritage FisheryMartin Morgan, secretary of the fishery, explained to the South Wales Argus that it is unusual to uncover so many baskets grouped together.Morgan said: “The baskets would have been baited and pegged to the estuary bed at low tide. The catch would have been green eels and lamprey.”Image © BLACK ROCK LAVE NET HERITAGE FISHERY“They are made of willow and hazel in an urn shape with a non-return built into the neck. The overall length is around two feet.”Previous finds made by the fishermen that have been recorded by Cadw and carbon dated by Reading University were from the 12th to the 15th century. These baskets are of a similar design.A Roman fishing basket (Latin nassa)It’s clearly been a popular place for fishing for a very long time.“People have fished this estuary for thousands of years, and it’s great for our fishermen to uncover and record some history.”Lave net fishing, as practiced by Morgan and his colleagues, is an ancient fishing method, recorded on the estuary in the 17th century. However, it is thought to have been around for much longer.Wagenya fishing baskets. Photo by Tornasole CC BY-SA 3.0The Black Rock Lave Net Fishermen are now the last traditional salmon fishery on the Welsh region of the estuary. The tradition has been passed down through the generations.The estuary has played a significant part in the life of those that have dwelt in the area for thousands of years, said transceltic.The area of Caldicott saw considerable activity at the time of the Bronze Age. Close to the Nedern Brook beside Caldicot Castle, excavations uncovered a plank from an ancient boat and wooden structures in the former riverbed.Read another story from us: Discovery of Military Plane Wreck Could Solve 50-yr-old ‘Homesick Pilot’ MysterySudbrook probably played a role in guarding the Severn estuary at an ancient ferry crossing place. Sudbrook hillfort is also located on the coast, and is thought to have been built and occupied by the Silures from the 2nd century BC.The Silures were a powerful Celtic tribe that lived in what is now southeast Wales.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.com
Never flashy, but always Reliable and productive, in a league full of flashy Ferrari’s, Tim Duncan was the deluxe Chrysler Town & Country minivan of NBA superstars. He always got you there. After 19 seasons, the sure fire NBA Hall of Famer is exiting the game as arguably the greatest power forward in league history. He won’t be going on a retirement farewell tour. He’s not even holding a retirement press conference. His retirement was announced via a team press release with all the circumstance of a D League call up.“San Antonio Spurs forward Tim Duncan today announced that he will retire after 19 seasons with the organization. Since drafting Duncan, the Spurs won five championships and posted a 1,072-438 regular season record, giving the team a .710 winning percentage, which is the best 19-year stretch in NBA history and was the best in all of the NBA, NFL, NHL and MLB over the last 19 years.”After a standout career at Wake Forest, the Spurs selected the seven footer from the Virgin Islands with with the 1st pick in the 1997 NBA Draft. Paired alongside David Robinson, he led the Spurs to a title in his lockout shortened rookie year. He led the Spurs to four more tiles as they established a Western Conference dynasty. He finished his career with over 26,000 points and 15,000 rebounds, was a 3 time NBA MVP, 15 time All Star, 2 time Finals MVP, and NBA Rookie of the Year.It’s hard to imagine an NBA without the “Big Fundamental”.