Penny Marie Hipskind, 63

first_imgPenny Marie Hipskind – wife, mom, friend, and Nana-extraordinaire – passed away on February 21, 2020, with the love of her life, her husband of 40 years and high school sweetheart, Keith, by her side.Throughout her battle with cancer, but especially in her final days, her home was filled with great food, raucous conversation, and reverent prayer.  Each was a testament, as were the family and friends who brought them, to the way Penny lived her life: in service to others, with great joy for the Lord, and with a glass of wine in her hand and a story about her grandchildren to share.Penny was born July 8, 1956, in Kokomo, Indiana, to Jay and June Calloway, and raised in Wabash, Indiana.  She was always a woman of great faith.  She was a member of St. Mary’s Catholic Church in Greensburg for the past 23 years, and a proud member of a women’s bible study that has met regularly for over ten years.  But Penny did far more than go to church; she was the church.  She and Keith dedicated their lives throughout their time in Wabash, Indianapolis, Washington, D.C., northern Indiana, and Greensburg to loving, feeding, and clothing their neighbors.  She was present to people always, but especially in their time of need.Penny first cultivated her servant’s heart as an elementary school teacher, earning her B.S. from Ball State in 1980. But her greatest act of love was in serving her husband, her children, and their big extended families.  She was the ultimate coach’s wife, welcoming countless young men into her home and showing them through thousands of spaghetti dinners that they would live in her heart forever.  She did so because she loved each of them and because she was her husband’s biggest fan.In addition to Keith, her great passions were her three kids – Kelly, Kate, and Kara – their loving spouses – Carla, Hector, and Matt – and her adoring grandkids – Mica, Callie, Cici, Naomi, Birdie, Agnes, Mae, Zeke, Gus, and Xabi.  She often said, I may not have lived perfectly but I have lived passionately.  And, oh, did she live.  Despite cancer, she remained an eternal optimist, an avid adventurer, a stellar party planner, and, most of all, a dedicated Nana who dried every tear.Penny is preceded in death by her beloved parents, Jay and June, and mother-in-law Joyce, her brother, J.R., and Kara’s beautiful little ones, Dominic and Miriam.  She is survived by Keith, her children and grandchildren, and Keith’s siblings – Laura, Julie and Rick, Kathy and Bill, Steve and Kathy, and Phil – and her father-in-law Tom and his wife Marilyn.  She will also be celebrated in death, as she was in life, by her beloved nieces and nephews.Penny did not know a stranger.  This proved problematic at times when trying to go out to eat or getting her out of church on Sundays.  But in the end you truly reap what you sow.  She lived a life of service, and those she loved and cared for over the years returned to sit by her side.  She and her family remain forever grateful.  And although we will miss this exuberant woman with energy for days, we know she is now dancing in heaven to her favorite song, “Boogie Shoes,” and offering the Lord a bit of advice on the best appetizers and way to set the table.Family and friends will gather at 3:30 p.m. on Thursday, February 27, 2020 at St. Mary’s Catholic Church to pray the rosary.  Visitation will follow until 8:00 p.m. at the church in Greensburg.  The family will also receive friends from 9:00 – 9:45 a.m. on Friday at the church. The Funeral Mass will be held at 10:00 a.m. on Friday with Rev. John Meyer officiating.Interment will be held in the St. Mary’s Catholic Cemetery in Greensburg.Memorials may be made to the St. Mary’s Catholic Church.last_img read more

Miami Man Sues Madonna’s Madame X Tour Over Change in Start Times

first_imgHollander filed a lawsuit Monday in Miami-Dade County court against both Live Nation and Madonna.He alleges that the change in start times for her Madame X Tour is a breach of contract made between the singer and the ticket buyer.In August, when Hollander bought the tickets to Madonna’s December 17 show at the Fillmore Miami Beach, the concert was scheduled to begin at 8:30 p.m., the lawsuit alleges.But on October 23, Madonna and Live Nation changed the start time for that show and several others to 10:30 p.m., the suit alleges.For those like Hollander, who bought tickets and now don’t want to attend a concert that late, a refund has not been offered, he alleges.And attempts to resell won’t make up for the money lost, as tickets have now “suffered an extreme loss of value” because of the time change, he alleges.That makes reselling “impossible,” he said.Hollander originally bought three tickets to Madonna’s Miami Beach show, spending $1,024.95, he says in the filing.But, since the show is now starting later than originally planned, he claims that he and other ticket holders “suffered actual and consequential damages including, but not limited to, loss of consideration paid and the devaluation of the ticket.” Five hundred refunds have been given out since the class action lawsuit was filed, but Hollander is also suing for damages. “There’s something that you all need to understand,” Madonna said during her Las Vegas concert, while perched atop a piano, legs swinging. “And that is, that a queen is never late.” A Miami Madonna fan, Nate Hollander, is suing the singer because the Material Girl is a night owl. Madonna is reportedly being hit with a class-action lawsuit for pushing the start time of her upcoming Miami show back several hours. https://t.co/SvYHagZLYv— USA TODAY (@USATODAY) November 11, 2019last_img read more

Help wanted for Sumner County Road and Bridge Department

first_imgConstruction I- II-III – Road & Bridge, $8.75 – $21.02 per hour Non-exemptHigh school diploma or GED equivalent.  Must obtain and maintain a valid class “A” Commercial Driver’s License within three (3) months of employment.  2-5 years of construction and /or road maintenance work experience required or a comparable combination of education and experience. Much of the work is done outdoors in adverse weather conditions.  Successful applicant will be drug tested.Apply online at www.HRePartners.com  Applications close 02/20/2015.  Job description available, contact Sumner County Clerk’s Office, ph 620 326 3395. EOElast_img read more

International airfares start the year at bargain-basement levels

first_imgInternational airfares on key routes from Australia look set to stay at bargain levels this year as full-service carriers battle it out in a competitive environment that includes an increased presence by Chinese airlines.Travel agent Flight Centre is advertising return economy fares as low as $A1136 return between Sydney and London, $A899 return to Los Angeles and $A1099 to New York.Perth people get an even better deal with advertised fares as low as $A879 return to Los Angeles, $A1079 return to New York and $A1089 to London.Dubai-based Emirates joined the fray today with a New Year sale offering return economy class fares from Australia as low as $A1299 to Europe and $A1399 to the UK.The Emirates fares, for travel from February 1 to November 30, come as the International Air Transport Association has predicted that global air fares will continue to fall in real terms this year as increased global flight frequencies see 73 aircraft depart each minute.IATA is predicting the average return fare this year will be $US351 before surcharges and taxes, or 63 per cent lower than 22 years ago when adjusted for inflation.That compares with an average return fare of $US363 in 2016 and $US407 in 2015.Chinese carriers remain the full-service fare leaders on European routes with pricing only a few hundred dollars more than the no-frills economy launch fares to Athens — $A738 return from Perth and $838 return from Sydney — offered by low-cost carrier Scoot.  Singapore-based Scoot is due to launch European services in June, followed by Kuala Lumpur’s AirAsia X in October. Top-tier airlines such as Emirates, Etihad, Singapore and Qantas are not far behind with all of them offering attractive economy fares below $1500 returnAs with all great deals, however, there are caveats.The most important is the likelihood of limited availability —sale fares come on a first come, first served basis and those that tarry miss out. Travellers often discover that those tantalisingly cheap advertised prices are impossible to find.Nonetheless, two booking queries on flights to London from Sydney and Perth in May showed a good choice of airlines offering economy tickets for less than $1500 return.   The bookings were not finalised so a final check on availability was not done and the fares, rounded to the nearest dollar, are indicative only. They also do not include the website’s  fees.For a Perth-London trip leaving on May 9 and returning May 25, China Southern was  offering a return economy fare of $A1092, Etihad  started at $A1215, Virgin Australia/Singapore Airlines came in at  $A1277, Thai International  at $A1430, Malaysia Airlines $A1438, Qantas $A1459 and Emirates $A1475.For the same trip to and from Sydney, Air China came in at $A1062, China Southern started at $A1147, Air India was $A1232 and Singapore Airlines/Virgin Australia were at $A1295.Korean Air offered a return fare of $A1342, China Eastern $1395 while a group of airlines, including Emirates and Qantas, were in the band between $A1400 and $A1500.Travelers also need to check restrictions on the dates or the routes you can fly and the time you have to wait between connections. The latter can make a considerable difference to the time spent travelling — a one-way,  outbound leg on a Sydney-London trip estimated to take just under 23 hours on Singapore Airlines was listed as almost 43 hours on Korean Air.Other pitfalls include seats that are more cramped than expected,  fares that may not cover some “extras” and aircraft changes at hubs.An Emirates Airbus A380 is a comfortable way to fly but it can be a shock to then switch to the 10-across seating on one of its Boeing 777s. It can be even more disturbing to discover that big US airlines have small regional commuter planes on unexpected routes.Then there’s safety. Airlines servicing Australia are required to meet minimum safety standards but some have better track records than others.AirlineRatings has a comprehensive database assessing airline safety and has picked the 20 safest from the 425 it monitors.last_img read more

Nick Yates Says Robotic Technology Is Poised to Disrupt Even Vending Machines

first_imgTags:#automation#robots#technology In recent years, a lot of media coverage has been devoted to discussing how quickly robots will take our jobs away — and how many of us will be affected. With dire predictions about robots eating up 800 million jobs by 2030, even the most unassuming observers pin the robot job takeover as taking place within the next four decades.But that’s not the real story here: The real story is how much robots will automate and take on, freeing us up to do the things that require human input. While some jobs likely will disappear as robotic technology finds ways to streamline them and make them no-brainers, we’ll find new ways to allocate robot resources to manage the things we don’t want to handle.An example of how robotic automation can make our industries more productive and less taxing can be found in vending machines. While these sales platforms may seem simple on the surface, they offer a glimpse into how robots can help us construct the future to be less taxing, but more purposeful, for human beings.Eliminating Mindlessness in Favor of ThoughtfulnessNick Yates is the founder and CEO of Generation NEXT Franchise Brands, which builds the automatic machines that deliver frozen yogurt and ice cream in stores. With more than $130 million in franchise and licensing contracts across more than 230 locations, Yates has seen his company grow very quickly.Yates says his company’s experience is that most businesses are using robotics as a powerful tool to support their customer service strategies. “By having robots pack boxes quicker, or perhaps provide answers to simple questions for customers, a business owner can find more productive and efficient ways to use the actual human employee who has a better set of skills that should be taken advantage of,” he explains.It’s important to make a distinction between work that requires insights and work that requires speed: Streamlining is incredibly helpful for the latter but stifling for the former. “Things that enhance productivity, including robots, are what cause economies to grow and for us all to get wealthier on average,” Yates says, “but this is a world where the average may not mean what it used to because it’s a world in which there will be wider gaps between the skilled and unskilled, between those with and without jobs.”That means we need to carefully rethink how we can best make use of the resources we have: How can we eliminate work that can be automated? How can we position our companies to rely more heavily on human workers’ critical thinking skills than their manual labor?Automating Vending Through RobotsYates’ company believes it’s found the solution for the manual vending machine industry: automated robots that deliver frozen yogurt and ice cream. Its robots dispense and serve frozen treats to customers in locations that already capture high levels of foot traffic, but the experience is unique in that customers can order from a digital user interface. That interface provides a selection of up to six flavors and up to six different toppings, preparing the desserts fresh in fewer than 60 seconds.Yates says that the ice cream-dispensing robots are de facto entertainers as well, dancing and playing music while displaying animation on their screens. This enhances the customer experience — especially for its under-18 audience — and creates engagement, despite the absence of a human ice cream slinger.These unattended robots are disruptive agents in a heavily service-focused industry. “The industry has been dominated by retail franchises that require traditional brick-and-mortar infrastructures that, unfortunately, now struggle because the cost of labor has increased to a point where it doesn’t make much business sense for the owner/operator,” Yates says. “Vending ice cream that’s delivered fresh to order has never been done before. We saw an opportunity to disrupt and ran with it.”While many in the food and beverage industry may argue that the customer service experience is the entire marketing platform for restaurants and other food vendors, the growth of Yates’ model shows that humans aren’t put off by customer service presented by a robotic provider. And the model can enable scale that’s not currently cost-effective for most labor-intensive restaurants and food vendors. By repositioning human labor to focus on developing and testing products, food providers can gain flexibility in preparation and distribution, allowing them to even infiltrate difficult-to-crack outlets like stadiums.What This Means for the FutureWhile robotic technology was out of reach for many businesses, thanks to their prohibitive cost structures, that’s no longer the case. Yates points out that the technology is getting more affordable as more players enter the space. “Reliability, however, is still questionable,” he says. “As the technology evolves, the cost will drop until we get to a point where buying robots to cook, clean, serve ice cream, or do any task on a consumer level is affordable for everyone.”Yates acknowledges that incorporating robotic technology isn’t easy for any entrepreneur, but it’s worth the effort if the industry — and company — stands to benefit. “Every industry needs someone willing to be the disruptive force that moves the entire group forward,” he says. “A lot of people are wary of robots and not willing to trust them, but it’s important to remember that we control robotic technology and have a say over how it works for us.”That control, he admits, can sometimes seem elusive: “Robots can be sensitive and require the best software to operate them well,” he cautions. “Be sure to combine technologies to get the best result.”While society has long predicted that robots will take over jobs in a deflated, conciliatory tone, it might be time to look at this job loss as a celebration. As robots automate everything from security to vending, they enable humans to put their full effort into the things only they can do.     Related Posts Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Brad AndersonEditor In Chief at ReadWrite What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Trends Driving the Loyalty Marketing Industry Follow the Puck Brad is the editor overseeing contributed content at ReadWrite.com. He previously worked as an editor at PayPal and Crunchbase. You can reach him at brad at readwrite.com. last_img read more

De Ocampo hopes Bolts can replicate ‘near perfect’ game to sweep Hotshots

first_imgPaul Lee ‘day-to-day’ after knee injury resurfaces BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Read Next Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Game 3 is on Thursday night at Smart Araneta Coliseum. CONTRIBUTED PHOTO/PBA IMAGESSTA. ROSA — Ranidel de Ocampo had his best game yet as a member of the Meralco Bolts on Tuesday night.De Ocampo, who was acquired by the Bolts in a three-team trade three weeks ago, has been showing why his new team benefitted the most from the deal since his departure from TNT and Game 2 of their semifinals series against the Star Hotshots was no different.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC The veteran forward scored 18 points on 7-of-11 shooting from the field, including three 3-pointers in 26 minutes off the bench.But de Ocampo feels he and the rest of the Bolts, who dominated the Hotshots right from the opening tip to win, 98-74, will have to replicate their “near perfect” game to close out the series as early as Thursday.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“Hopefully, we’ll be able to play the same way. But we know that it’s not going to be easy in Game 3,” he said. “At the same time, finishing a series is the hardest one.”“This is the only time that I had a good game. I’m hoping that I can have more good games to help my teammates and I give the credit to them especially to Durham.” LATEST STORIES View comments Star got off to a fast start in the semis opener on Sunday and Meralco returned the favor in Game 2. De Ocampo said that was exactly the Bolts’ plan heading into the duel.“That was really our game plan, to have a good start and it happened,” he said. “We sustained our good defense and we connected on our outside shots.”Meralco led, 30-11, after the first quarter and by as much as 30 points, 78-48, entering the final period.The Bolts also shot 53% from the field and held the Hotshots to just 32%. They hit 14-of-33 from deep and had 28 assists.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH MOST READlast_img read more

No. 1 Naomi Osaka loses 1st match since splitting from coach

first_imgUS judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Afterward, Osaka wiped away tears while speaking to reporters and discussing the difficulty of dealing with her new-found spot atop the sport.“I don’t think I necessarily understand what position I’m in, in a way. Because last year, I wasn’t even anywhere close to this ranking. People didn’t pay attention to me — and that’s something that I’m comfortable with,” Osaka said.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption charges“I don’t really like attention,” she said. “It’s been a little tough.”Playing a second-round match after an opening bye as the tournament’s top seed, Osaka won only 5 of 27 second-serve points, just 19 percent, and barely half of her first-serve points, 12 of 22.She was broken seven of the nine times she served. PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war No. 7 seed Kiki Bertens lost to Viktoria Kuzmova 6-2, 4-6, 7-6 (6), while No. 11 Daria Kasatkina was eliminated by 20-year-old American Sofia Kenin 6-3, 2-6, 6-4.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Naomi Osaka, of Japan, reacts during her match against Kristina Mladenovic, of France, at the Dubai Duty Free Tennis Championship in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019. (AP Photo/Kamran Jebreili)DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Naomi Osaka lost her first match since moving up to No. 1 in the WTA rankings — and first since splitting from her coach.The two-time major champion had trouble with her serve and was beaten 6-3, 6-3 by 67th-ranked Kristina Mladenovic at the Dubai Championships in a little more than an hour on Tuesday.ADVERTISEMENT PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Ex-NBA player Glen Davis avoids jail time in marijuana bust MOST READ Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief LATEST STORIEScenter_img View comments Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Mladenovic came into the Dubai Championships with a record of 0-4 in 2019.Osaka had not competed since winning the Australian Open in January for her second consecutive Grand Slam title, a victory that also allowed her to become the first tennis player from Asia to lead the rankings.Last week, Osaka announced on Twitter that she would no longer work with coach Sascha Bajin, who began coaching her before last season and helped her win the U.S. Open in September.Osaka didn’t offer an explanation for the split at the time, but addressed it during a media availability before the Dubai tournament, saying: “Everyone thinks it was a money-related issue, but it wasn’t. … I think my reason is I wouldn’t put success over my happiness.”In other action Tuesday at the hard-court tournament, second-seeded Petra Kvitova — the runner-up to Osaka at the Australian Open — beat Katerina Siniakova 6-7 (3), 6-4, 6-4; third-seeded Simona Halep — Osaka’s predecessor at No. 1 — defeated Eugenie Bouchard 7-6 (5), 6-4; and No. 4 seed Karolina Pliskova edged Dominika Cibulkova 6-2, 3-6, 6-3.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hostinglast_img read more

AFN candidates state their case to Ontario chiefs

first_imgAPTN National NewsAn AFN national chief candidates’ forum was recently held in Toronto.Six candidates vying for the position took part in a question and answer session.APTN National News reporter Delaney Windigo was there.last_img

SC seeks EC response on Oppn leaders plea on VVPATs

first_imgNew Delhi: The Supreme Court Friday sought the Election Commission’s response on a plea by Opposition leaders seeking the counting of Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) slips of 50 per cent of EVMs in each constituency before the Lok Sabha results are declared.A bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and justices Deepak Gupta and Sanjiv Khanna listed the plea of the opposition leaders for March 25 and asked the EC to depute an officer to assist the court. Several opposition leaders, including Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu, Delhi chief minister Arvind Kejriwal and others, had moved the apex court, seeking the verification of 50 per cent of votes by paper trail before announcing the results of the upcoming Lok Sabha polls. Naidu, the lead petitioner, had declared in February that the parties will be moving the apex court against the use of EVMs. The application has been moved by 21 Opposition parties, including the Congress, Nationalist Congress Party, Aam Aadmi Party, CPI(Marxist), CPI, Trinamool Congress, Samajwadi Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Rashtriya Lok Dal, Loktantrik Janata Dal and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). The move comes after the Opposition parties met at NCP chief Sharad Pawar’s residence. The parties had raised apprehensions in a meeting with the EC in February about the credibility of EVMs, although the poll panel has denied allegations of machines being tampered with. The EC, while announcing the Lok Sabha election schedule, had said that mandatory checking of EVMs and VVPAT will be done on the basis of one polling station for each Lok Sabha constituency. See P5last_img read more

Booth sensitivity EC approves report ruling out BJPs demand

first_imgKolkata: The Election Commission of India (ECI) has primarily approved the report of the Chief Electoral Officer of Bengal stating that less than 30 percent of the total booths in the state are ‘sensitive’, thereby ruling out the demand of BJP that all 78,000 booths in the state should be declared so.As per reports of the CEO’s office, 18,461 booths in the state have been identified as vulnerable, which is around 25 percent of the total number of booths. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaAccording to sources in the EC, South 24-Parganas, with 2,357 vulnerable pockets, is the most sensitive district in the state. Eight other districts including North 24 Parganas, Murshidabad, Malda, East Midnapore, North Dinajpur, Birbhum, West Burdwan and Kolkata are also under the scanner of the Election Commission. “This will be reviewed and the final deployment of Central Forces will be made on the basis of vulnerability,” said a senior official in the CEO’s office. Moreover, the Election Commission’s preliminary report to the expenditure observers has also revealed that there are no ‘expenditure sensitive’ constituencies in Bengal. The report assumes significance as the EC has identified more than 110 Lok Sabha constituencies across the country as “expenditure sensitive” or prone to influence through money in the Lok Sabha elections. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayAccording to the report, all parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu and over half of the seats in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Karnataka and Telangana have been identified as “expenditure sensitive”. 116 of 175 Assembly constituencies and 16 of 25 Lok Sabha constituencies in Andhra Pradesh are expenditure sensitive. A number of Lok Sabha seats in Telangana, Bihar, Karnataka and two LS seats in Jharkhand are under EC watch. A good number of constituencies in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and Haryana will also be closely monitored by the Election Commission. Sources in the CEO’s office stated that Bengal doesn’t have a history of exorbitant expenses in the election. In the last two major elections- the Lok Sabha election in 2014 and the Assembly polls in 2016, there was hardly any major seizure after the MCC (Model Code of Conduct) came into force. In the 2016 Assembly elections, the seizure was a little over Rs 7 crore, of which Rs 4 crore was released after verification. In Kolkata, the seizure was around Rs 5 lakh but the entire money was returned after verification. “There was a seizure of Rs 3 crore in absolute terms, which is very low considering the vastness of Bengal. The expense per constituency was also within limit and over 90 percent candidates submitted their return after the election. There was no case of bribery or illegal money transaction and so the state has been designated as non-expenditure sensitive,” the source maintained. It may be mentioned that expenditure sensitivity is determined by the past history of a constituency. The Commissioner of Police or the Superintendent of the district identifies a constituency as ‘expenditure sensitive’, meaning that it is prone to high expenditure and corrupt practices. The local administration, in consultation with the expenditure observer, also looks into the literacy, economic development or the number of complaints during the last election. On the basis of the report, the commission makes special arrangement for these constituencies.last_img read more